Name : N. Govindan
District & State : Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh
Category : Herbal products
Award : National
Award Function : 7th National Grassroots Innovation Awards
Award Year : 2013
Mastitis is an infection of the tissue of the udder that causes pain, swelling, redness, and increased temperature of the udder. The primary cause of mastitis in cattle, goats and sheep are well-recognized groups of microorganisms, Streptococcus sp.Staphylococcus sp. and coliforms, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter sp.,
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella sp. Sometimes due to the infection visibly abnormal milk (e.g., color, fibrin clots) is also produced. As the degree of the swelling increases, changes in the udder (swelling, heat, pain, redness) may also be evident. Apart from giving pain to the animal, it also affects the quality and quantity of milk.
Clinical conditions affected with mastitis were identified in the regions of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu and milk samples were collected with help of state Animal Husbandry Departments. The intramammary medication was tested at different geographical regions and etiological agents for these clinical conditions were confirmed. The formulation was found to show better efficacy than conventional medications (cephalosporin and penicillin drugs). The clinical trials confirmed the therapeutic efficacy of the formulations in treatment of mastitis caused by gram negative bacterial organisms (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia) as well as gram positive bacterial organism (Staphylococcus aureus). The trial results had confirmed broad spectrum therapeutic activity of this unique indigenous veterinary medication.